Water-based fire protection systems rely almost entirely on having an adequate water supply to aid in control or suppression of fire; plus, local fire departments also rely on the water supply as a part of their response. This research involved a detailed review of current water supply practices, design of suppression systems that depend upon the use of water supplies, and the impacts of water stress or scarcity on water supply systems. Additionally, the report includes case studies from water shortages/crises in diverse locations from the USA, South Africa, Spain, and Australia. A final source of data includes plans for and experiences with water shortages. This report focuses on how fire protection system design and water supply system design must include the concept of climate change, specifically water scarcity or stress, in the discussion of reliability of systems.
“Through our programs —
from our annual student scholarships and awards, to research grant programs, to the Grand Challenges Initiative, and so much that we do —
the SFPE Foundation prioritizes financial investments in areas like climate change that represent pressing global challenges,” stated Leslie Marshall, Ph.D., director, SFPE Foundation. “This research provides new insight into how the water supply system is being impacted by climate change, and how fire protection and fire safety engineers need to adapt to ensure long-term reliability of their systems designs.”
A free webinar, open to all, will be delivered by the research team on January 31, 2023, through the SFPE Foundation’s Research in Fire Engineering webinar series. Registration is now open at https://www.sfpe.org/foundation/foundationeducation/webinarsrfe. Additionally, highlights of the research have been published in a recent article in Fire Protection Engineering magazine, titled Water Supply and Climate Change: The Impact of Water Stress on Water-Based Fire Protection Systems.
Financing for SFPE Foundation-funded research is provided through the generous support of donors, including SFPE, SFPE chapters, SFPE members, governmental agencies, leading companies and organizations, and others. Demand for SFPE Foundation research funding support far exceeds available funds. The SFPE Foundation periodically invites research proposals through both open calls and specific requests for proposals.
Free downloads of this report and additional information about the SFPE Foundation and its programs are available at sfpe.org/foundation.